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Technology

4k Video Cameras

Videographers are obsessed with video cameras, which is understandable since their job when taking videos depends on video cameras. But it’s not enough to get obsessed with a video camera. You have to know more about a video camera.

This is why we have chosen to discuss ‘4k video cameras’. If you have heard about 4k video cameras, but have no idea what they mean, this guide will be helpful to you then.

All camera manufacturers are now marketing their 4K, 6K, and 8K devices, including phones.

What Is A Video-Camera?

An electronic device that captures and records motion pictures one frame at a time. Each frame is captured as a series of horizontal lines, the number of which determines the fundamental visual quality of the images.

A video camera captures moving images and converts them into electronic signals so that they can be saved on a storage device, such as videotape or a hard drive, or viewed on a monitor.

For example, North American analog TV (NTSC) has 525 lines of “standard definition” (SD) resolution, 480 of which are the image. Analog TV was superseded by digital TV, which provides 480 lines of SD resolution along with 720 and 1080 lines of “high-definition” (HD) resolution. See video format, camcorder, SD formats, HD formats, NTSC, DTV, and video/TV history.

What is 4K?

4k is a video resolution, or in simple terms, it is the size of your picture. When it comes to displays and screens, the resolution is the number of pixels the image shows. It translates into the level of detail the picture has.

4K videos have actually been around since the invention of the movie camera. Although 4K has generated a lot of buzzes, consider these caveats 4K video files are much larger than their HD counterparts. That’s why uploading and streaming 4K videos can create a bottleneck effect for home viewers.

However, YouTube has provided support for 4k videos. These videos are unnaturally sharp because smaller space pixels get less light and absorb less color.

How 4K is different from 1080p?

The minimum standard for your footage is 1280 on 720 pixels, which is HD. By comparison, 4K has twice the resolution of a standard HDTV, which is 1920 by 1080 pixels. Ultra HD or 4K gives you 3840 by 2160 pixels resolution. That means you can put 4 HD images into one 4K image.

4K refers to how many vertical lines there are in the resolution of an image. The term comes from 35mm film, which has roughly 4000 vertical lines. These legacy terms have been applied to 16mm film, which is 2K, and IMAX film, which is a little over 8k.

While 4K had been around for over a decade in the film industry, it became affordable for consumers only now.

In the past, when 4K was getting popular in cameras, people would argue that you don’t need to shoot in 4K because no one even has anything to watch it on. But now there are tons of TVs and monitors that can display 4K videos. Besides, 4K would even look sharper on smaller screens that are not compatible with 4K.

Megapixels vs. K’s

First off, some basics. A “megapixel” is a term used mainly for still cameras. It means how a million pixels there are in the output file. An 18-megapixel camera is a camera that delivers files with approximately 18 million pixels. An example is an image with dimensions 5184 by 3456 pixels.

Although “megapixels” can be used for video camera files, manufacturers prefer to use another notation. This is probably due to the fact the video frame is in “landscape” orientation, meaning the width is greater than the height. Manufacturers prefer to name just the size of the longer side.

A 2K digital camera is one that delivers a file with about 2000 pixels on the longer side of the frame. A 4K camera produces video footage whose longer side is about 4000 pixels in width. The Full HD format is with 1920 pixels on the longer side. It’s relatively safe to call it 2K.

What does it mean for video shooters?

If you shoot HD video, should you upgrade your camera to a 4K-capable model? The obvious reason to make the switch to 4K is to future-proof your work.

Consumers may not demand 4K content today, but at some point, they will, and if history is any guide this will probably happen soon. Just imagine if you had continued to shoot in standard definition up until the moment that everyone finally had an HD television. Who would want to watch that crunchy, mushy low-resolution content today? As a content creator, you’re always better off getting ahead of the curve.

However, even if you don’t need (or want) to create 4K content yet, there are a number of huge benefits to adopting a 4K workflow now.

4K In Video Cameras

So what does all that mean for you and your camera? Well, when you shoot 4K video, you’re capturing 8,294,400 pixels – and this produces footage that’s four times more detailed than 1080p, with more leeway for post-production. Bear in mind, though, that shooting 4K will eat up batteries much faster and will cause cameras to run warm, as it requires a lot of processing power.

It also means that you can view your footage on much larger displays than 1080p video without losing any quality. It also means that you can crop into your 4K footage to create close-ups and cutaways, without having to reposition your camera to record separate shots.

The benefits of 4K aren’t limited to videography, though. If you’ve spent thousands of pounds on a full-frame or even medium format camera that takes enormous, pixel-rich photographs, they will look absolutely stunning when viewed on a 4K monitor or TV, since every minute detail will be visible and razor-sharp.

In addition, many cameras feature a 4K frame grab technology. This enables you to film a 4K video and then extract a still image from your footage in UltraHD – which can be a great way to capture frames from family videos, shots of wildlife, or other decisive moments from moving footage.

In short, 4K video is here to stay – and if you’re looking at buying a new camera or display, it’s definitely something to keep a sharp eye on.

Advantages of 4K Shooting

  • Higher Image Quality

The 4K matrix creates a three-dimensional image that can be well viewed from all angles. You don’t need 3D glasses to view a high-quality three-dimensional picture. Moreover, most cameras record 4K at a higher bit rate, and color quality loss is minimal.

  • Stabilize Footage in Post

No matter how hard you may try not to move during shooting, 4K video could still be unstabilized. Partially, video editors can fix these disadvantages. But this kind of processing will require cropping the frame, and you will lose at least 20% of the material.

4K shooting will give you enough pixels to experiment with these effects, as they won’t have any noticeable impact on the final video quality.

  • More Editing Options

A huge resolution of 4K video gives you a much better source to work with as it allows scaling. It is a perfect format to crop videos for close-ups. You can add panning and zooming effect to any frame you want without losing image quality.

  • More Attractive Presentation on a Bigger Screen

A high number of pixels provides a high definition. Ultra HD transmits more colors and more details in the lightest and darkest tones. Taken together, all this gives you a picture that is as close to reality as possible. 4K benefits are displayed the best on large screens, but the image quality will be much better than HD, even on smaller screens.

Key Factors You Should Consider When Getting Video Cameras.

  • Sensor Size

As far as picture quality and exposure flexibility are concerned – and these are the main reasons people buy SLR cameras – the most important criteria are the size of the sensor and the size of each photosite on it. The larger the photosite’s surface area, the more light it can capture and the more information it can record.

The more information that goes to the camera’s image processor, the greater the dynamic (tonal) range in the resulting image – and the better the picture quality.

The differences are most obvious in shots taken in bright, contrasty conditions and in dim lighting. In bright lighting, the small sensors of compact digicams cannot record details in the brightest and darkest areas. The resulting pictures have blocked-up shadows and blown-out highlights and, when no detail is recorded, there is no way to tweak the image to improve the situation.

  • Megapixel Resolution

Although most advertising material and much of the media hype focuses on the number of megapixels the camera supports, the megapixel count is relatively unimportant when buying a digital SLR. In theory, the number of megapixels in an image file should dictate the size to which it can be printed at ‘photo’ quality.

However, you can produce excellent A3-sized prints from a 5- or 6-megapixel DSLR camera – provided the original shot was correctly exposed and edited.

Furthermore, an 8-megapixel sensor has only 30% more photosites than a 6-megapixel sensor. At the correct viewing distance for A3 prints, this difference will be negligible. Few photo enthusiasts are likely to want prints bigger than A3+ size, which is well within the capabilities of all current models.

  • Brand Loyalty

Photographers who already own a film SLR plus a suite of interchangeable lenses will be lured towards digital cameras from the same manufacturer. It makes both logical and financial sense to buy a body that will accept the lenses you have. However, it’s not necessarily the best option for the following reasons:

Most DSLR bodies change the effective focal length of a 35mm lens by a lens multiplier factor (LMF) of 1.5x to 2x. This means the 24mm lens that gave you a great wide-angle view will have the same angle of view as a 36mm lens on a 35mm camera. You gain a bit at the tele end; a 200mm lens becomes equivalent to a 300mm lens on a 1.5x LMF DSLR.

The 35mm lens is designed for imaging onto film, which has a different structure from an image sensor. It may not produce such good image quality on the DSLR body.

35mm lenses are often heavier and bulkier than digital lenses.

Olympus DSLR bodies cannot accept the lenses designed for Olympus film SLR cameras.

  • Lenses

Most entry-level DSLRs are sold with at least one medium-range zoom lens but an increasing number are being offered with two lenses. The additional lens is usually a tele zoom with a focal length range equivalent to about 70-200mm in 35mm format. Twin lens kits represent great value so don’t be put off by comments about “cheap optics”.

While the optics are usually housed in plastic (to minimize weight), the main compromise is lens speed (maximum aperture) rather than actual performance. The plastic bodies may not be quite as tough as metal bodies, but they’re rugged enough for normal handling and a lot lighter to carry around and use.

CONCLUSION

In the same way, as 4K video requires a lot of space to physically store, it also requires a lot more processing power to handle it when it comes to editing the footage. Knowing what a 4k video camera is, you can easily make the decisions on what you want.

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Technology

Importance Of Using Cooling Pads On Gaming Laptops

No matter how high-end your gaming laptop is, you’d still need the help of a cooling pad whenever the gaming laptops overheat. Gaming laptops go a long way in keeping your gaming laptop’s temperature in check. It is important you get one, which is why we have made this guide to show you the importance of using cooling pads in gaming laptops.

What is a Cooling Pad?

A laptop/notebook cooler, cooling pad, cooler pad, or chill mat is an accessory for laptop computers that helps reduce their operating temperature, which is normally used when the laptop is unable to sufficiently cool itself. Laptop coolers are intended to protect both the laptop from overheating and the user from suffering heat-related discomfort.

A cooling pad may house active or passive cooling methods and rests beneath the laptop. Active coolers move air or liquid to direct heat away from the laptop quickly, while passive methods may rely on thermally conductive materials or increasing passive airflow.

Why You Need Cooling Pads

  • Staying Comfortably Cool

As you game on your laptop, it’s going to get warm and/or blow warm air around. That warmth is going to transfer to your body and unless the room you’re in is cold, you’re probably going to feel uncomfortable.

You can change that by elevating the chassis of the laptop even slightly. By elevating the chassis, you’re allowing more air to circulate under and around the laptop, thus allowing the heat to disperse and dissipate.

  • Controlling Temperature

It’s going to be hard to cool down a laptop that is already overheated. By using the cooling pad every time you turn your laptop, you have a better chance at maintaining an even temperature so your device doesn’t overheat the longer you use it.

If you’re like many other laptop users, you probably use the laptop in bed or on the couch, with the laptop perched on a pillow, cushion, or blanket. The fabric of these things blocks the airflow that is crucial for keeping the gaming laptop cool. However, if you were to use a laptop cooling pad, you could notice a 13-degree drop! If you think about it, that’s a pretty big difference!

  • Boost Performance

We mentioned that these cooling pads aren’t going to be able to perform miracles, but that doesn’t mean they can’t and won’t give your laptop a slight boost – like a 2% improvement in processing speed or a few more frames per second on a computer game.

How Heat Affects Your Laptop’s Performance

In order to understand how heat affects your laptop, it’s important to first understand what components generate heat.

The Central Processing Unit (CPU) and Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) generates heat while it is performing algorithms and processing images. Gaming laptops will generate more heat than your average notebook because they require more GPUs to render those stunning graphics without a drop in frame rate.

Along with the CPU and GPU, your hard disk drive is going to cause your laptop to generate more heat than normal, especially if you’re copying large files like video and audio files.

The optical disc drive can also produce a large amount of heat when playing a DVD or a CD. Not only is heat being generated because it forces the disc to spin, but it also generates heat as it’s using the laser to read the contents of said discs.

How Does Overheating Affect Your Gaming Laptop?

A gaming laptop that overheats is going to damage the components inside the laptop. Before damage can be done, your laptop should shut off. Unfortunately, damage can still occur to certain components:

  • Processor

When the processor overheats, you will notice that it slows down considerably and it isn’t going to work as efficiently. With a properly functioning system, the fans should turn on when the processor starts to overheat.

  • Battery

Most laptops use a lithium-ion battery that is susceptible to heat damage. As the computer gets hotter, the ions in the battery will begin to move faster. That extra heat is going to increase a chemical reaction that is going to affect how long it holds a charge, but the general life of the battery.

By letting your laptop overheat, you could be footing the bill for a new laptop battery – and they aren’t the cheapest thing to buy.

  • Motherboard

Your motherboard is made of major components that are necessary for your laptop to work, such as the CPU and memory banks. As part of the cooling system, your motherboard will restrict some applications from running like normal. Your motherboard can even instruct some parts of the computer to shut down completely as a way to protect itself from damage.

Sadly, overheating can affect your hard drive. Due to thermal expansion, components in the laptop can expand and warp so that it doesn’t work properly. Just increasing the ambient room temperature to more than 5 degrees could take up to two years off your hard drive’s life expectancy.

You can apply new thermal paste to the heat sink and the processor surface, but unless you are tech-savvy and don’t want to ruin your laptop, we recommend leaving that to the professionals – or at least someone who knows what they’re doing!

How Does A Laptop Cooling Pad Work?

In order to understand how a laptop cooling pad works, it’s important to know that there are four types of cooling pads:

  • Active cooling pad
  • Passive cooling pad
  • Multi-surface cooling pad
  • Multi-purpose cooling pad
  • Active Cooling Pads

Active Cooling Pads

An active cooling pad uses small fans to create extra airflow around the chassis of the laptop, thus pulling the heat away from the laptop. Depending on the model, there can be as many as 6 fans working to pull the heat away from the laptop and/or blow cool air onto the chassis so that it doesn’t overheat.

These pads are generally powered when you plug the USB cable into the USB port on your laptop. Many of these pads will have a built-in USB hub so that you can still use other USB peripheral devices.

  • Passive Cooling Pads

A passive cooling pad doesn’t require any electricity in order to cool your laptop. Instead, the pad will be filled with an organic salt compound that absorbs the heat that’s created while using the laptop and they can provide a limited amount of cooling time, typically for up to 8 hours.

The passive cooling pads are not recommended for laptops with the fan vents located on the bottom because the pad is going to block any airflow. Before going with this type of cooling pad, we recommend checking the bottom of your laptop to make sure there aren’t any air or fan vents.

If you have a choice between an active cooling pad or a passive one, you should always go for the one with fans. The fans work better to keep your laptop cool, whereas the passive cooling pads do not. Also, with a passive pad, you have to be extra careful not to damage the pad because the salt compound could leak out if the pad was damaged.

  • Multi-Surface Cooling Pad

A multi-surface cooling pad is going to let air flow between the chassis of the laptop and the cooler itself, but it will also let air flow between the cooler and your lap. These cooling pads are great regardless of what surface you plan to work on, as they can be used on hard surfaces like tables and desks, but also on a soft surface like a bed or a couch.

  • Multi-Purpose Cooling Pad

There have been advancements in cooling pad technology and there are more pads available that can do other functions. For example, there are some cooling pads that have card readers for key drives or memory cards. Some cooling pads will function like a small workstation where you can take notes with pen and paper.

Advantages Of Cooling Pads

Playing games can cause overheating, as earlier stated. People use laptops in beds, on their laps, or by putting a pillow below the laptops. So, they block the airflow without realizing it. This is where laptop cooling pads are necessary.

A laptop that is a bit older and is prone to overheat is more likely to shut down or reboot when under pressure. It may also feel too hot to touch. Here, a laptop cooling pad will make wonders and make the laptop work a bit more than usual.

Another benefit is that the laptop cooling pads with adjustable heights can improve your posture and comfort. You can raise the laptop screen and adjust the viewing angle which will provide you ergonomic comfort.

A laptop cooling pad may also be needed when the under-powered system of a laptop is pushed to its limits. If a Pentium-powered laptop can run a very big game, that doesn’t mean the game was built to work well for all systems. In this kind of circumstances, the cooling pad keeps things a bit cooler.

Gamers are big fans of spending most of their time on laptops or desktop computers but luckily, desktop computers come with pre-installed fans. Playing games like Assasin’s Creed, Tomb Raider and Grand Theft Auto 5 for a very long period of time cause an extra burden on the laptop. So, this is where you also need a laptop cooling pad.

If You’re Willing To Buy a Cooling Pad

By reading the article, you may have thought of buying a cooling pad for your laptop. If the answer is YES, then keep some factors in mind before buying a laptop cooling pad which is discussed below.

  • A number of fans: The number of fans matters a lot while buying the cooling pad as laptops vary in size, their needs also vary.
  • Size of fans: The size of fans is also an important factor because they may be one big fan of more power than three small fans working together.
  • Fan Speed: Fan speeds should be considered an important factor because the more the speed of the fan, the greater the airflow.

CONCLUSION

The importance of using cooling pads on your gaming laptop can not be overemphasized. Hence it is important you get one for your gaming laptop. After reading through the above review, you should not make any mistakes in selecting a good cooling pad.

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Technology

How To Install A Smart TV

Installing a smart TV is pretty easy, you just have to read through this guide, as we intend to show you the steps to be followed to install a smart TV. As you read through, do take note of the points talked about in this guide.

What makes a TV smart?

The major feature separating smart TVs and not-so-smart TVs is an internet connection. Nearly all smart TVs come equipped with both an Ethernet port and built-in Wi-Fi — some older models may require an adapter to enable the Wi-Fi functionality — so they should be able to connect from anywhere in your house.

Generally speaking, Wi-Fi should be fast enough for most purposes, but if you plan on streaming games or 4K Ultra HD content, you might want to hardwire to your network instead.

An internet connection is primarily used to stream television shows and movies from a variety of apps and services, like Netflix, Hulu, HBO, and YouTube (among others). Occasionally, there will be free stuff available (like on Crackle, Tubi TV, Pluto TV, or the Roku Channel for Roku TVs), but for the most part, you’ll need to subscribe to these services to access their content. Many smart TVs also have web browsers baked in — though these are typically unwieldy and frustrating to navigate — and some even have cameras for use with video-conferencing apps.

How Does Smart TV Work

The focus of traditional TV software was to put pictures on the screen by turning the tuner and decoding the broadcast signals. Smart TV has an added ability to be able to load/access extra content that comes from the internet.

In Layman’s terms, if you have a TV, a set-top box, and an internet connection, you can integrate all three in a way that allows you to access internet-based content on your television set.

Practically, the Smart TV is like a computer except you cannot write. Many Smart TV has Ethernet connection and/ or allows access via Wi-Fi also. Smart TV platforms have a Software Development Kit (SDK) or a Native Development Kit (NDK) which allows 3rd party developers to create applications for it, irrespective of the hardware manufacturer.

These applications can then be installed and uninstalled by the users to access online content bypassing traditional media platforms.

Smart TVs can access and deliver content (like photos or movies or music) from other connected devices through technology like that of LAN. Smart TV also provides access to internet-based services like Video-on-Demand (VOD), Electronic Advertising, Gaming, Social Networking, and multimedia applications to name a few.

How to set up your new smart TV

Here’s how to do it:

  • Pick your spot

First, you need to figure out where that TV will sit. Will you use the included stand, or do you want to stick the TV on a wall mount? Is your set close enough to a power outlet? Is it in a position to either get a strong Wi-Fi signal or connect over Ethernet? Are you close enough to connect to your antenna or cable connection? All of these factors should come into play as you find a spot for your TV.

You’ll also want to make sure that you can sit back far enough to get the best view of your set. If you’re upgrading to a TV with a larger screen or higher resolution, or both, you’ll want to consult our guide, “What size TV do I need?” It will walk you through the ideal distance for viewing different sizes of TV, and at different resolutions.

You’ll also want to put your TV at a height and angle that allows comfortable viewing. Wall mounting a TV too high up can cause neck and eye strain, and mounting it too low will leave you stooping to see the action.

Oh, and avoid some of the biggest mistakes people make when setting up a new TV, like hanging it over a fireplace, where heat and soot can damage it. And don’t even think of using an indoor TV outside or in a poorly insulated garage.

You need to use an outdoor TV for those situations, or you’ll risk damaging the display panel and electronics due to temperature changes and moisture.

  • Start initial setup

This process varies from one brand to the next, and we have specific instructions on setting up your LG, Samsung, or Sony TV. Each set of instructions will walk you through the TV’s process, from powering on the TV for the first time to set up the Wi-Fi connection.

Though the specifics aren’t exactly the same, this process will generally include selecting the language, connecting to your local Wi-Fi network, and agreeing to one or more privacy policies. This is also where you’ll pair the TV with the remote control. That usually happens automatically once the TV is turned on, though some TVs will have you test the remote during setup.

  • Get to know your home screen

Every smart-TV platform has its own unique layout, so take a moment to get to know your TV’s home screen. LG and Samsung TVs have very similar home screens, each with a single row of apps that runs along the bottom of the screen. Sony’s Android TVs have several rows of apps, inputs, and settings, and Roku TVs offer a tiled layout that’s more like that of a smartphone.

Whatever TV you have, you’ll want to familiarize yourself with four key details:

  • How to find and select your installed apps.
  • How to access different inputs.
  • Where the app store is, for finding new apps and services.
  • How to pull up the Settings menu.

Once you have a handle on your apps, inputs, and settings, you will be able to use the TV’s several functions without getting lost in the various menus the set offers.

  • Select apps

While your smart TV will probably have a handful of the most popular apps already installed — like Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, and Hulu TV — it’s unlikely that out of the hundreds and even thousands of apps available, you’ll have everything you want to be installed out of the box. Finding your favorite apps and discovering a few new streaming sources will let you make the most of your new TV capabilities and personalize the experience.

While each manufacturer will have its own app store and unique selection of apps, the basics are the same. You’ll use the app store to find specific apps or browse for options, and you’ll download or purchase the apps you want.

Each brand does this a little differently. LG and Samsung each have their own proprietary app store, while Sony uses the Google Play store on its Android TVs and Roku has its own selection of channels. While they all have similar setups, there will be differences in both the layout and the overall selection of apps.

The big outlier here is Vizio, which supports fewer than 20 local apps on its SmartCast TVs, instead of the hundreds of apps offered on other smart TVs. You can, however, use the built-in Chromecast to cast apps from your phone to the TV, so you can still use all of your favorite apps. But that means you won’t need to deal with app discovery on your new Vizio TV.

Once you’ve got your apps installed, you’ll also need to log in to those that require an account. Whether it’s Netflix or some other service, you’ll need to enter your username and password, using your smart TV’s remote control and on-screen keyboard.

The one exception to this rule is Samsung, which offers an option to automatically set up your TV using a smartphone. The set will communicate with your Samsung phone (or another smartphone that uses the Samsung SmartThings app) and share Wi-Fi credentials.

It lets you select from apps already used on the phone to install on the TV, and it logs in to your accounts for those apps.

  • Connect your devices

While a smart TV may take center stage, it’s also going to be connected to a number of other devices, like a cable or satellite box, game console, and media players.

Whether you’re setting up a game console on your LG TV, a cable box on your Samsung TV, or a Blu-ray player on your Sony TV, the basics are pretty much the same.

With the TV turned on, you can connect and power-on your external device, but note which input you’ve plugged the HDMI cable into. Once the device is powered on, the TV should automatically detect the device and add it to your input menu.

Once you’ve found the device in your input menu, you can rename the input and adjust the settings. On some TVs, such as Sony’s smart TVs, you may need to adjust the settings for that specific input in order to enable all of the available features; gaming in 4K and HDR, for example, requires enabling those features for the specific HDMI port.

On the other hand, Samsung smart TVs offer excellent auto-detection and should adjust the input settings accordingly, without your having to do anything.

  • Connect your antenna

For over-the-air channels (which are free!), you’ll need to connect an HDTV antenna and scan for channels.

This is a fairly simple process, and your TV should walk you through it automatically. Specific instructions for LG, Samsung, and Sony TVs are available, but the basics should all be the same.

However, watch out for “home theater displays,” which look like TVs but technically aren’t, since they lack RF connections and TV tuners. This was especially common on older Vizio TVs, but current Vizio models have the tuner and connector you’ll need.

First, connect your antenna to the TV’s RF connector, the screw-on coaxial connector found alongside HDMI and audio ports on the back or side of the TV.

The TV will detect the new signal and should automatically scan for channels. If not, you should be able to select Scan for Channels or something similar under the antenna-input option on the home screen.

The system will scan through all of the possible channels, identifying every channel that has a signal. Once the scanning is done, you can pull up the channel guide. This should populate automatically with information about what shows are on which channels, all in a handy, on-screen guide.

  • Fine-tune your settings

Once you have everything else set up, all that’s left is the fine-tuning. This may involve adjusting the TV’s color and brightness settings, tweaking the appearance of the home screen and menus, or even disabling unwanted content recommendations.

You also have plenty of features to explore, from using voice interaction to connecting a soundbar or pair of Bluetooth headphones. Each model and manufacturer will have a unique mix of capabilities, but you should be able to learn most of them by looking through the TV’s menus and maybe reading the owner’s manual.

CONCLUSION

If you’ve been able to read through this guide, you should be able to comfortably install your smart TV. Smart TVs take entertainment to the next level. If you just got one, do well to read through this guide.

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Technology

CPU For Gaming Laptops

A gaming laptop no matter how big, would not function well without a good CPU. This is why we have taken our time to research CPUs for gaming laptops. If you can read through this review to the end, you’d have all the information needed to pick the gaming laptop when a good CPU.

What is a CPU?

The Central Processing Unit is the most important part of all computing devices. The CPU handles all the basic commands you input and allocates those that are more complicated to other components of your device. The CPU, is basically your device’s core that enables your device to run as expected.

It is a small chip located in your computer’s motherboard/ main circuit board, separate from the device’s memory and the graphics chip. It is built by putting together into a single chip billions of microscopic transistors. Recent technology has seen the CPU made to be smaller and smaller which has led to enhanced speeds

How does a CPU work?

The processing of commands can be divided into three main stages, i.e. fetching, decoding, and execution. The component fetches commands from the device’s RAM, decodes/translates the particular command, and lastly the command is executed by the relevant components of the CPU.

These commands include; basic arithmetic, comparison of numbers, calculations, etc. IN a computer, a number hence the simple commands above are the basic equate to the basic functions of the CPU (Centra Processing Unit) represents every information.

  • CPU Core Count

Modern gaming CPUs have multiple cores. Each one of these cores acts like an additional processor, which allows the CPU to process multiple instructions simultaneously.

Many PC games make use of multiple cores, but a higher core count becomes increasingly important when undertaking CPU-intensive tasks outside of gaming, like encoding video or using complex programs for high-level content creation.

If you’re using your CPU for more than just gaming — for example, streaming gameplay while playing — additional cores can make a difference. A CPU with a higher core count can handle workloads that a single-core CPU, even one with a very high clock speed, might struggle with.

  • CPU Clock Speed

A CPU’s clock speed (also called clock rate or frequency) is the number of cycles a CPU can execute in a second. It’s a basic but fundamentally important consideration when choosing a CPU. Modern CPUs execute billions of cycles per second, so clock speed is measured in gigahertz (GHz).

Generally speaking, the higher the clock speed per core, the better. When choosing a new CPU, look for the highest clock speeds possible within your budget while also ensuring you have the cores/threads you need for your workloads.

What is the Role of a CPU in gaming?

While many people may argue about the importance of a CPU in gaming, you need to understand that some games are better played with the CPU. CPU handles tasks better compared to the GPU

One of the tasks that require a good CPU is the aspect of the Artificial Intelligence Functionality of Non-player Characters. A good CPU will determine how characters in-game react to specific actions.

Which game types require more labor from the CPU?

Today’s quick-moving games including first-person shooters (FPS), multiplayer games, open sandbox games, and more are built to reap advantages provided by the latest CPUs and their multi-cores and threads. In fact, they require them to play well.

For instance, the first-person shooter multiplayer game Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 recommends at least a quad-core processor: either the Intel i5-2500K, which has 4 cores and 4 threads, or AMD Ryzen R5 1600X, which has 6 cores and 12 threads.

But for competitive players using high refresh-rate monitors (1080p), the game actually recommends an AMD Ryzen 1800X (an 8-core processor with 16 threads) or an Intel i7-8700K (which has 6 cores and 12 threads).

The 8th Generation Intel i7-8700K happens to be one of the fastest processors with some of the highest clock speeds (boost speed at 4.7 GHz) that Intel offers for gaming and streaming.

Similarly, the acclaimed massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) World of Warcraft recommends quad-core processors as well: Intel i7-4770 (4 cores, 8 threads) or AMD FX-8310 (8 cores, 8 threads) or better.

The hugely popular online open-world game of Grand Theft Auto V recommends an Intel i5 3470 (4 cores, 4 threads) or AMD FX-8350 (8 cores, 8 threads). And the epic battle royale game of Fortnite Battle Royale recommends at least an Intel i5 2.8 GHz processor with 4 cores and 4 threads.

Which CPU is optimal for each GPU?

We would like to conclude with a list of specific recommendations that will ease the task of selecting a CPU that accompanies each GPU. If you want the experience to be really optimal, you must know that we are not going to limit ourselves to choosing the most expensive processor models. But those that also offer good value for money.

  • GTX 1080 TI: The optimum level is based on a Core i5 8400 or a Ryzen 5 1600. In the case of older processors, the Core i7 6700 or higher will comply with no problem.
  • GTX 1070 TI, GTX 1080, or Radeon RX Vega 64: We also recommend a Core i5 8400 or a Ryzen 5 1600. The Core i7 4790 can also offer an optimal experience.
  • GTX 1070: Starting with a Core i3 8100 or a Ryzen 3 1200 with overclocking you can enjoy a good experience. In processors of previous generations, you should start with a Core i5 4690.
  • GTX 1060 (3 GB/6 GB), Radeon RX 570-580: We also recommend that you start with a Core i3 8100 or a Ryzen 3 1200 with overclocking.

In the case of lower graphics cards, such as the GTX 1050-1050 TI and Radeon RX 560 a modest Pentium G4560 will allow you to take advantage of them, but for longer life, we recommend going for a processor with four cores like the Ryzen 3 1200.

What specifications does the CPU for gaming have?

Original CPU models had only a single processing core, however technological advancements have seen this change to multiple cores that have significantly enhanced performance. You will find that majority of the CPU’s being sold now have a minimum of a dual-core.

There are also others with a quad-core, six, eight, and even some as high as 12 core. There are those with a multi-threading aspect that is meant to create a virtual processor core.

Another aspect of the CPU is clock speed. This is usually labeled as GHz, i.e. gigahertz. This component indicates the number of commands your CPU can handle in a second. The clock speed helps you to make a comparison of two devices that are from the same generation and have seemingly similar specifications.

Therefore, if two devices have the same aspects, you can make a choice based on the clock speed. However, it is important to note that a 3GHz processor from the year 2012 cannot be as fast as a 2GHz processor manufactured in 2019.

Factors to consider when sourcing for a processor

Now that you know a little about processors, here are a few factors that you might need to consider before settling on any device.

  • The clocking speed is more important than the core number of your processor. Generally, it is the clocking speed that determines timely performance when it comes to gaming, more cores only help with time-consuming workloads
  • Ensure your budget caters to a full system. A strong CPU paired with weak storage and or RAM, will not quite give you the desired effect. Therefore consider having enough money to invest in the whole system for better performance as well as enhancing your gaming experience.
  • AMD and or Intel are your best gambles. With these two devices, it is highly unlikely that you make the wrong choice. Ensure that you go for the current generation components such as the Intel 9th generation.
  • Consider purchasing the latest generation components to get value for your money.
  • More expensive devices do not necessarily translate to the best performance. For example, Intel 9900k being highly-priced does not offer better performance compared to other models such as the 8700k. The 9900k model does not have the aspect of hyper-threading.
  • Consider whether you want to use your device for both play and work. If you want your device to be multi-purpose, the AMD model is likely to give you better performance with its extra threads and cores that provide a significant performance improvement.
  • Consider the Thermal Design Profile (TDP), which is the highest heat amount that is generated by the chip. This will help you get a cooler that can handle the heat. Keep in mind that overclocked CPU’s can put out more heat compared to those that are not overclocked.

CONCLUSION

Your budget is a huge factor while choosing the best gaming processing model. There are many manufacturers of graphic processing units ranging from high-range to low-range.

Many games now use more cores as a matter of course (the quad-core CPU seems to be the most prevalent) and thus experience faster and better FPS rates. So you’ll probably want to go with the slightly higher-priced quad-core processors if they’re not too prohibitively expensive.

The price difference may vary because of the card’s clock speed, features, warranties, etc. Depending on how much you wish to spend, a mid-range to a high-range card is most convenient for gaming.